BIBFRAME, short for “Bibliographic Framework,” is intended as a linked data alternative to the MARC cataloging standards. It’s structured around concepts similar to RDA—works, instances, and authorities—but relies heavily on controlled identifiers or URIs (uniform resource identifiers; think HTTP addresses). Whenever we control the authorized access points in a bibliographic record, or include a VIAF number when creating a name authority record, we’re actually contributing toward the viability of the BIBFRAME/linked data model.
On November 19, I attended a LYRASIS webinar on BIBFRAME led by Rebecca Guenther, formerly of the Library of Congress. My main takeaway was that BIBFRAME has the potential—not yet realized—to capitalize on the value already contained in our highly structured catalog and metadata records, and move it from the inaccessible “dark Web” to fuller exposure on the Semantic Web. This may sound a bit vague or daunting, but the elements are already being implemented by LC, OCLC, and other agencies. So there’s a good chance that we’ll start to reap the benefits of BIBFRAME and other linked data initiatives without too much direct effort.
For further info, please see the links below. And mark your calendar for the 2016 OLC Technical Services Retreat, March 31 & April 1, featuring the session “Linked Data in Action” with Jean Godby of OCLC Research!
— Michael Christian-Budd
This technical site for the Bibliographic Framework Initiative serves as the official repository for the vocabulary, tools, and shared code in support of BIBFRAME.
This Library of Congress site presents general information about the project, including presentations, FAQs, and links to working documents.
“From MARC to BIBFRAME: An Introduction” This presentation from May 13, 2015, includes an overview of linked data and examples of library MARC metadata expressed as BIBFRAME.
Upcoming LYRASIS classes & events